Definition of Website
A website is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server. It is accessible over the Internet or a private local area network (LAN) through a web browser. Websites can serve a variety of purposes, such as providing information, entertainment, communication, e-commerce, and more.
Key components that make up a website
Here’s a breakdown of key components that make up a website:
- Web Pages: A website consists of individual pages, each containing text, multimedia elements (such as images and videos), and hyperlinks. These pages are typically created using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and can be styled using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets).
- Domain Name: The domain name is the unique address that users type into the browser to access a website. For example, in the URL “
https://www.example.com,” “example.com” is the domain name. It serves as the website’s human-readable identifier on the Internet.
- Web Server: A web server is a computer or software that stores the website’s files and delivers them to users when requested. Common web server software includes Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS).
- Internet Hosting: Websites are typically hosted on servers that are connected to the Internet. Hosting services provide the infrastructure and resources necessary to make the website accessible globally.
- Hyperlinks: Hyperlinks or simply “links” are clickable elements that allow users to navigate between different web pages and websites. They connect the content and provide a seamless browsing experience.
- Web Browser: A web browser is a software application used to access and view websites. Examples include Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Browsers interpret HTML, CSS, and other web technologies to display the content of web pages.
Let’s consider the website “https://www.wikipedia.org.” In this example:
- Web Pages: Each page on Wikipedia, such as articles on specific topics, is a separate web page.
- Domain Name: “wikipedia.org” is the domain name that users enter in the browser to access the site.
- Web Server: Wikipedia’s files are stored on servers maintained by the Wikimedia Foundation.
- Internet Hosting: Wikimedia Foundation utilizes hosting services to make Wikipedia accessible to users worldwide.
- Hyperlinks: Users can navigate between articles by clicking on hyperlinks within the text or by using the site’s navigation menus.
- Web Browser: Users access Wikipedia using web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, or Edge.
A website is a digital presence that allows individuals, businesses, organizations, and others to share information and interact with users across the Internet.