Population of India 2023 (Current Live)

Population of India 2023: India, a land of diverse cultures and rich history, stands as the most populous country in the world, with a population that is as fascinating as it is complex. The dynamic and ever-changing demographic landscape of India plays a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s social, economic, and political fabric. In this article, we delve into the factors contributing to India’s population growth, the challenges it poses, and the initiatives undertaken to address this crucial aspect of the country’s development.

Current Population of India 2023 (July)

The current population of India is 1,429,377,491 as of Sunday, July 23, 2023. This is according to Worldometer, which elaborates on the latest United Nations data.

India is the most populous country in the world, with one-sixth of the world’s population. The population growth rate in India is 1.11%, which is lower than the global average of 1.2%. However, India’s population is still growing rapidly, and is expected to reach 1.7 billion by 2050.

The population density in India is 481 people per square kilometer. This is much higher than the global average of 55 people per square kilometer. The population of India is concentrated in the northern and eastern states, with the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Maharashtra having the highest populations.

The median age in India is 28.2 years. This is younger than the global median age of 30.4 years. The young population of India is a result of the high fertility rate in the country. The fertility rate in India is 2.2 children per woman. This is above the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman.

The population of India is growing rapidly, and this is putting a strain on the country’s resources. The government of India is working to address the challenges of population growth, such as poverty, hunger, and unemployment.

Overview of India Population 2023

Total Population1,429,377,491
Growth Rate1.11%
Population Density481 People Per Square Kilometer
Median Age28.2 Years
Fertility Rate2.2 Children Per Woman

Expected Population of India (2022-2026)


What are the top 5 most populous states in India?

The top 5 most populous states in India are:

  • Uttar Pradesh (209.8 million)
  • Maharashtra (112.4 million)
  • Bihar (104.3 million)
  • West Bengal (91.3 million)
  • Andhra Pradesh (84.6 million)

State Wise Current Population of India in July 2023

The table below shows the population of India by state and union territory:

Uttar Pradesh209.8 million
Maharashtra112.4 million
Bihar104.3 million
West Bengal91.3 million
Andhra Pradesh84.6 million
Tamil Nadu72.1 million
Madhya Pradesh72.0 million
Rajasthan69.4 million
Karnataka67.3 million
Delhi16.8 million
Kerala35.7 million
Gujarat60.4 million
Punjab29.8 million
Haryana29.8 million
Odisha41.9 million
Telangana35.1 million
Assam35.4 million
Chhattisgarh28.4 million
Jharkhand32.9 million
Jammu and Kashmir12.5 million
Uttarakhand10.1 million
Goa1.4 million
Puducherry1.2 million
Mizoram1.1 million
Arunachal Pradesh1.4 million
Sikkim0.6 million
Manipur2.8 million
Meghalaya3.2 million
Nagaland2.1 million
Tripura3.7 million
  • As you can see, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with a population of over 209 million people. Maharashtra is the second most populous state, with a population of over 112 million people. Bihar is the third most populous state, with a population of over 104 million people.
  • The union territory of Delhi is the most populous union territory in India, with a population of over 16.8 million people.

India’s Population Growth

As of my last knowledge update in July 2023, India’s population was estimated to be around 1.4 billion, and it has been growing at a remarkable rate. The main drivers of this growth are high birth rates and increasing life expectancy due to improved healthcare facilities and sanitation. Moreover, cultural norms, religious beliefs, and economic factors also influence the population growth in various regions of the country.

Factors Influencing Population Growth

  • Fertility Rate: India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has been declining over the years, but it still remains higher than the replacement rate in many states. Social factors like early marriage and limited access to family planning resources contribute to this trend.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): Despite substantial improvements, the IMR in India remains a concern. Efforts to enhance healthcare facilities, maternal care, and immunization programs continue to address this issue.
  • Life Expectancy: India has witnessed a significant increase in life expectancy, primarily due to advancements in medical technology, better nutrition, and overall healthcare.
  • Migration: Internal migration from rural to urban areas in search of better opportunities has contributed to the rapid urbanization of India.

Regional Variations

India’s population distribution varies significantly from region to region. Some states, particularly in the north, have higher population densities compared to others. Factors such as climate, geographical location, economic opportunities, and historical influences contribute to these regional variations.

Challenges Posed by Overpopulation

  • Strain on Resources: Overpopulation strains India’s limited resources, leading to challenges in providing adequate food, water, and sanitation facilities to every citizen.
  • Unemployment: Rapid population growth has implications for the job market, exacerbating the problem of unemployment and underemployment.
  • Environmental Impact: Overpopulation places tremendous pressure on the environment, leading to deforestation, pollution, and a higher carbon footprint.
  • Healthcare and Education: Meeting the healthcare and educational needs of such a large population poses significant challenges for the government.

Government Initiatives and Family Planning

The Indian government has been actively implementing family planning programs to control population growth. These initiatives focus on spreading awareness about contraception, family planning measures, and providing access to affordable healthcare services, especially in rural areas.

FAQs Related to “population of India 2023”

What is the current population of India?

The current population of India is 1.429 billion as of July 23, 2023. This makes India the second most populous country in the world, after China.

What is the population growth rate of India?

The population growth rate of India is 1.11%. This means that the population of India is increasing by about 11.1 million people each year.

What is the population density of India?

The population density of India is 481 people per square kilometer. This is much higher than the global average of 55 people per square kilometer.

What is the median age of India?

The median age of India is 28.2 years. This means that half of the population of India is younger than 28.2 years old, and half of the population is older than 28.2 years old.

What is the fertility rate of India?

The fertility rate of India is 2.2 children per woman. This means that on average, each woman in India is having 2.2 children.

What are the challenges of population growth in India?

The rapid population growth in India is putting a strain on the country’s resources. Some of the challenges of population growth in India include:

  • Poverty
  • Hunger
  • Unemployment
  • Lack of education
  • Environmental degradation

What is the government of India doing to address the challenges of population growth?

The government of India is working to address the challenges of population growth through a variety of programs and initiatives. Some of these programs include:

  • Family planning programs
  • Education programs
  • Economic development programs
  • Environmental protection programs


India’s population stands as a testament to its diversity and complexity. While rapid population growth poses challenges, the country’s progress in addressing these issues shows promise. Through strategic planning, focused policies, and collective efforts, India aims to harness the potential of its massive population to drive sustainable growth, development, and social progress in the years to come. Understanding the intricacies of India’s population dynamics is crucial for charting a path towards a prosperous and harmonious future. I hope this information is helpful.

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